History of woodworking machinery

Woodworking machinery is a type of machine tool used in the woodworking process to process semi-finished wood products into wood products. The typical equipment for woodworking machinery is the woodworking machine.

The object of woodworking machines is wood. Wood is the earliest human discovery and use of a raw material, and human living, walking, with a close relationship. Humans have accumulated a wealth of experience in wood processing over a long period of time. Woodworking machine tools are developed through people’s long-term production practice, continuous discovery, continuous exploration and continuous creation.

In ancient times, working people created and used various woodworking tools during their long-term production work. The earliest woodworking tool was the saw. According to historical records, the first “Shang and Zhou bronze saws” were made during the Shang and Western Zhou dynasties, more than 3,000 years ago. The oldest woodworking machine tool recorded in foreign history is the bow lathe made by the Egyptians in B.C. The original sawing machine, which emerged in Europe in 1384 with water power, animal power and wind power to drive the saw blade in a reciprocating motion to cut the logs, is a further development of woodworking machine tools.

At the end of the 18th century, modern woodworking machinery was born in the UK, and in the 1860s the “Industrial Revolution” began in the UK, with significant advances in machinery manufacturing technology, and the original reliance on manual work in the industrial sector reached mechanical processing. Woodworking also took advantage of this opportunity to begin the process of mechanisation. The inventions of S. Benthem, the British shipbuilding engineer who is known as the “father of woodworking machines”, are the most notable. From 1791 onwards, he invented the flat planer, the milling machine, the hollowing machine, the circular saw and the drilling machine. Although these machines were still poorly constructed with wood as the main body and only the tools and bearings were made of metal, they showed great efficiency compared to manual work.

In 1799, M.I. Bruner invented a woodworking machine for the shipbuilding industry, which led to a significant increase in efficiency. 1802 saw the invention of the gantry planer by the Englishman Bramah. It consisted of fixing the raw material to be worked on the table, with the planing knife rotating on top of the workpiece and planing the timber workpiece as the table moved reciprocally.

In 1808, the Englishman William Newbury invented the gantry planer. Williams Newberry invented the band saw. However, the band saw was not put into use due to the low level of technology available at the time for making and welding band saw blades. It was not until 50 years later that the French perfected the technique of welding band saw blades and the band saw became commonplace.

In the early 19th century, the United States economic development, a large number of European immigrants moved into the United States, the need to build a large number of homes, vehicles and boats, plus the United States has a rich forest resources this unique condition, the rise of wood processing industry, woodworking machine tools have been greatly developed. 1828, Woodworth (Woodworth) invented a single-sided press planer, its structure is a rotary planer shaft and feed roller The feed roller not only feeds the wood but also acts as a compressor, allowing the wood to be machined to the required thickness. In 1860 the wooden bed was replaced by a cast iron one.

In 1834, George Page, an American, invented the wood planer. George Page invented the foot-operated mortising and grooving machine; J.A. Fag invented the mortising and grooving machine; Greenlee invented the earliest square chisel mortising and grooving machine in 1876; the earliest belt sander appeared in 1877 in the American factory in Berlin.

In 1900, the USA began to produce double band saws.

In 1958, the USA exhibited CNC machine tools, and 10 years later, the UK and Japan developed CNC woodworking openworking machines one after another.

In 1960, the United States was the first to make a combined timber chipper.

In 1979, the German blue flag (Leits) company made a polycrystalline diamond tool, its life is 125 times that of carbide tools, can be used for extremely hard melamine veneer particle board, fiberboard and plywood processing. In the last 20 years, with the development of electronics and CNC technology, woodworking machine tools are constantly adopting new technologies. 1966, Sweden Kockum (Kockums) company established the world’s first computer-controlled automated woodworking plant. 1982, the British Wadkin (Wadkin) company developed CNC milling machines and CNC machining centres; Italy SCM company developed a woodworking machine tool flexible processing system. In 1994, the Italian company SCM and the German company HOMAG launched a flexible production line for kitchen furniture and a flexible production line for office furniture.

From the invention of the steam engine to the present time of more than 200 years, the woodworking machine tool industry in developed industrialised countries, through continuous improvement, improvement, perfection, has now developed into more than 120 series. more than 300 varieties, become a full range of industries. International woodworking machinery more developed countries and regions are: Germany, Italy, the United States, Japan, France, Britain and Taiwan Province of China.

As China was oppressed by imperialism in modern times, the corrupt Qing government implemented a closed-door policy, which restricted the development of the machinery industry. After 1950, China’s woodworking machine tool industry has developed rapidly. 40 years, China has gone from imitation, mapping to independent design and manufacture of woodworking machinery. Now there are more than 40 series, more than 100 varieties, and has formed an industrial system including design, manufacturing and scientific research and development.

Post time: Aug-03-2021